What is a Malocclusion?

What is a Malocclusion?
Posted on 08/01/2017

tooth-guyThe patients we see at Stieper & Brust Orthodontics visit us to improve the appearance and health of their smiles by wearing orthodontic appliances on their teeth. If you’ve been told by your dentist that you have a malocclusion, it means that there is a problem with your bite like the alignment of your teeth or crowding of your teeth. Your dentist may have recommended that you see an Ann Arbor orthodontist to correct your imperfect smile for improved cosmetics and better oral health.

Types and Classifications of Malocclusions

Essentially, any type of crowding or spacing issues, rotation or twisting of the teeth, or bite issues including overbites, open bites, crossbites and underbites are considered malocclusions. There are three classifications of malocclusions including:

Class 1: When the upper front teeth protrude slightly over the lower front teeth, the condition is called a Class 1 malocclusion.

Class 2: A Class 2 malocclusion is when the upper teeth and jaw significantly overlap the bottom teeth and jaw.

Class 3: When the lower teeth and jaw overlap the upper teeth and jaw, it’s a condition called a Class 3 malocclusion. This condition results in the lower jaw jutting forward.

What Causes A Malocclusion?

Most malocclusions are caused by genetics. However, malocclusions can also be caused by:

  • Severe injuries to the teeth and/or jaw
  • Teeth which are shaped abnormally
  • Missing or lost teeth
  • Impacted teeth
  • Improperly fitting fillings and restorations like dental crowns
  • Tumors of the mouth or jaw

How Malocclusions are Treated

Orthodontists like Dr. Stieper and Dr. Brust treat malocclusions by providing their patients with fixed braces or removable orthodontic appliances like Invisalign. In addition to enhancing the appearance of a smile, orthodontic treatment can also make it much easier to clean the teeth to lower the risk for decay and gum disease.

Schedule Your First Visit Today

If you suspect that you or your child has a malocclusion, it’s time to request an appointment with us today! During your first visit with us, your Taylor orthodontist will provide you with a thorough examination to determine what type of malocclusion you have. Your orthodontist will then sit down with you to discuss the recommended course of treatment which may include wearing conventional metal braces, ceramic braces, or Invisalign removable aligners. We love welcoming new patients to our practice and look forward to seeing you soon!